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NAVIGATION
 Port limits: The port is confined by the N and S breakwaters.
 Sea buoys, fairways and channels: The traffic separation scheme for arriving into and departing from the port is as follows:

1.The separation zone has the following borders:
44°04.4'N  028°43.2'E
44°04.8'N  028°43.8'E
43°59.4'N  028°48.6'E
43°59.7'N  028°49.2'E
2.The entrance channel into the port has the general direction NW, True course is 322°
44°00.2'N  028°50.0'E
44°05.2'N  028°44.7'E
3.The departure channel from the port has the general direction SE, True course is 142
44°34.0'N  028°42.4'E
44°58.9'N  028°47.7'E.
The observance of 1972 ColReg is compulsory. The length of the access channel is 6.4nm, depth 21m. The width of the navigational channel is 0.8nm. The separation zone has a width of 0.5nm.

Pilot:

Compulsory for all vessels, except Navy vessels, vessels used for a public service such as maintenance, control and surveillance of navigation, salvage vessels, training, hospital and leisure vessels.
Pilotage is compulsory for entering, leaving the port and manoeuvring inside the port, available throughout 24 hours. The Master has to notify agent, at least 12 hours prior to arrival at the roads. The Master should contact Port Control Constantza at the entrance into the zone at 12nm from the N jetty, calling on VHF Ch 67. Contact with pilot service may be made by calling on VHF Ch 14. The language used is English. The compulsory zone to embark/disembark the pilot is as follows:
 Fair weather (wind force 4), within the circle with radius 0.5nm with centre at 44°05.06'N  028°43.06'E.
 Bad weather (over wind force 4), near 44°06.2'N  028°42.3'E.
 The pilot boat is white, with "Pilot" on the side.

 Anchorages:

The limits of Constantza roadstead are designated as follows:
 44°10.5'N  028°44.0'E
 44°10.5'N  028°49.5'E
 44°06.5'N  028°49.5'E
 44°06.5'N  028°44.0'E.
 The meridians of 028°46.7'E and 028°48.2'E divide the anchorage zone into 3 areas numbered from W to E:
 Zone 1: For vessels up to 40,000 GT (except tankers)
 Zone 2: For vessels over 40,000 GT (except tankers)
 Zone 3: For tankers, liquefied gas carriers, dangerous cargoes.
 The roadstead allows a safe anchorage for 40 to 50 large ships, the depth is between 25m and 30m with the possibility to make a full swing in case of change of wind or current direction. During bad weather, small vessels may enter into the port with the approval of the Harbour Master.
 Tidal range and flow: Tidal variations are negligible. Under persistent winds tides can reach a max of 0.5m. Main currents run from N to S with a max velocity of approximately 1kn.

Dock density:

Average 1025.

Weather:
Prevailing winds: Winter, N-NE; spring, NE-E and NE-S; summer, NW-NE; autumn, N-NE. Strong winds occur at the end of autumn (Oct) and in winter (Jan) with storms, sometimes up to force 9 to 10 (20kn to 30kn).
Principal navigation aids: Along the Romanian coast, from Midia to Mangalia there are navigation aids with solar cells, remote control and radar reflectors.

 Coastal and floating navigational aids:
Location Characteristics Range (nm) Structure  Height (m)
Port Constantza
Constantza main light
(44°09.5'N  028°37.9'E)
Fl(2) W 29 8s 24 White pyramidal concrete
tower with blue cupola (58)
Light NE breakwater
(44°08.6'N  028°40.5'E)
 Fl W 4 5s 10 Grey granite tower (18)
Charts: BA 2284, 2282. Admiralty Pilot NP24, NP286 (2).

Traffic schemes:
The control, surveillance and directing of vessels from the roads is undertaken by Port Control Constantza on VHF Ch 67. The orders of Port Control Constantza are compulsory. The anchorage area and the traffic separation zone are under surveillance of VTS equipment located at Port Control Constantza.
 Vessel Traffic Service: This is a mandatory system which applies to all vessels over 300 GT and all towing vessels navigating within the area.
 An area bounded to seaward by a circle of radius 12nm from the VTS Centre (44°10.2'N  028°39.6'E), to landward by the coast and a line joining the seaward ends of the Constantza breakwaters.

1.All vessels must obtain clearance at least 15 minutes before entering the area or leaving an anchorage within it.
2.Details of the vessel, its cargo and route must be supplied to VTS as requested.
3.All vessels must maintain a continuous listening watch on VHF Ch 67 whilst within the area.

Reporting:
Vessels must report and supply details to VTS as follows

1.On entering the area stating:
a.Vessel's name
b.Time of entering
c.ETA at pilot boarding position

2.On arrival at anchorage, pilot boarding position or quay stating:

a.Vessel's name
b.Time of arrival

3.On leaving quay or anchorage stating:
a.Vessel's name
b.Time of departure

4.On leaving the area stating:
a.Vessel's name
b.Time of leaving the area.
 
Radar:
Radar surveillance is permanently maintained by Constantza Port Control over a sector having a radius of 12nm.

Restrictions
:
The entrance to the port at night is strictly forbidden for vessels with a draft over 12.5m, especially tankers. Tug assistance is compulsory within the port area for every vessel over 1,000 NT.

Tugs:
Compulsory for every vessel over 1,000 NT, tankers and vessels carrying dangerous cargo. Various size tugs are available throughout 24 hours. A specialised fire fighting brigade is available.

Coast guard:

The coastguard monitor the Romanian coast area and international waters.
Mooring information: There are no unusual berthing and unberthing movements/manoeuvres.

         
 
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